Temporary Resident Visa (TRV)

A temporary resident visa (TRV) is an official counterfoil document issued by a visa office that is placed in a person’s passport to show that they have met the requirements for admission to Canada as a temporary resident.

Holding a TRV does not guarantee entry to Canada. The admission of foreign nationals into Canada as temporary residents is a privilege, not a right.

Visa-required foreign nationals must apply for a temporary resident visa (TRV) to travel to Canada as

  • visitors

  • workers

  • students

Non-automated Port of Entry

At non-automated POEs, before admitting the foreign national to Canada by stamping their passport, a border services officer

  • confirms the identity of the foreign national

  • verifies documents, including the foreign national’s

    • passport

    • travel documents

    • TRV

  • ensures that all requirements are met

The border services officer who examines the foreign national upon entry will determine the duration of the visit. A handwritten date below the stamp indicates the date by which the foreign national must leave Canada.

It is at this point that the foreign national receives temporary resident status.

Automated Port of Entry

At automated POEs equipped with a primary inspection kiosk, the CBSA no longer routinely stamps all passports. If there is no stamp or handwritten date in the foreign national’s passport, their authorized period of stay is 6 months, per subsection R183(2). However, a foreign national can still receive a port stamp upon request or if required by CBSA policy or regulations (for example, super visa holders). A handwritten date below the stamp indicates the date by which the foreign national must leave Canada.

Most people need a visa or an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to travel to Canada - not both. Some people may only need their valid passport.

Check out here to see if you need a visa to travel to Canada.

https://www.cic.gc.ca/english/visit/visas.asp

Transit Without Visa Program

As a traveller, you don’t need to apply for the Transit Without Visa (TWOV) Program. But you do need to meet all the conditions below.

Note: Your airline must verify that you’re eligible for the program before you board your flight to Canada.

What to do if you’re not eligible

If you don’t meet all the requirements below, you need to apply for a transit visa.

If you plan to travel to the United States via Canada

To be eligible, you need to

  1. have these documents

    • a valid U.S. visa

    • a valid passport from

      • Indonesia

      • Philippines

      • Thailand

      • Taiwan (this must be a passport without a personal identification number)

    • a confirmed airline ticket for a flight to the United States that leaves Canada within 24 hours of your arrival

  2. travel with an airline that participates in the TWOV

  3. travel through specific Canadian airports

  4. not leave the Canadian airport during your stopover, except to board your flight

    • you must remain in the international transit area

  5. depart Canada within 24 hours of arrival

    • if your flight is cancelled or delayed and your layover is more than 24 hours, you’ll no longer qualify for this program. You’ll have to go to the Canada Border Services Agency for examination. You should check your flight connections with the airline.

 

If you plan to connect through Canada on your way from the United States to an international destination

To be eligible, you need to

  1. have these documents

    • any documents you may need to enter the country you’re going to, such as a valid visa

    • a valid passport from

      • Indonesia

      • Philippines

      • Thailand

      • Taiwan (this must be a passport without a personal identification number)

    • a confirmed airline ticket for a flight that is

      • direct and non-stop to Canada

      • on the way to the country you’re going to

      • leaving Canada within 24 hours of your arrival

    • You must also meet U.S. immigration conditions

      • you entered the United States with a valid visa, and did not stay longer than you were authorized to

      • you are not under a removal or deportation order

  2. travel with an airline that participates in the TWOV

  3. depart from any city in the United States

  4. travel through one of these Canadian airports

    • Toronto Pearson International Airport, Terminal 1 only

      • if you’re flying through Terminal 3, or need to change terminals between flights, you’re not eligible for the Transit Without Visa Program

    • Vancouver International Airport

    • Calgary International Airport

    • Winnipeg International Airport

  5. not leave the Canadian airport during your stopover, except to board your flight

    • you must remain in the international transit area

What to expect during your connection at the Canadian airport

You must remain in a sterile transit area within the Canadian airport while you make your connection to or from the United States. This sterile transit area physically separates you and your baggage from other passengers and goods.

If you need to leave this area for any reason, you’ll need to see a Canada Border Services Agency officer for examination.

Travelling through Canada on your way to the United States

When you arrive, you’ll go directly from your arrival gate to the U.S. connection area at the Canadian airport.

You and your baggage will be re-screened for security.

You’ll then go to U.S. Customs and Border Protection, where a border officer will process you for entry to the United States.

Once cleared, you’ll be allowed into the departures area to proceed to your flight.

Travelling through Canada on your way from the United States to an international destination

When you arrive, you’ll go directly from your arrival gate to a primary inspection kiosk in the connection centre.

The location of connection areas and the hours of operation may be different in each airport. Check with your airline if you have questions about the connection process for your trip.

After scanning your passport at the kiosk, you’ll wait in the international departures lounge until you leave the Canadian airport.

Missing a flight connection or arriving outside the hours of operation for U.S. Preclearance facilities

There may be situations that disrupt your travel while you are in Canada. These can include

  • missing your connecting flight at the Canadian airport

  • being refused entry to the United States

In each of these situations, you’re no longer exempt from needing a visa under the Transit Without Visa Program. You’ll need to see a Canada Border Services Agency officer for examination before you can continue your travels.

China Transit Program

In some cases, Chinese nationals flying between China and the United States (US) are able to transit through Canada without a Canadian visa. Chinese nationals do not need to apply under the China Transit Program (CTP) if they are in possession of both of the following:

  • a valid US visa

  • a valid passport issued by the authorities of the People’s Republic of China (not issued by Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or Macao Special Administrative Region)

They must also be transiting on either of the following:

  • an Air Canada flight through Montréal Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport

  • any approved carrier through

    • Calgary International Airport

    • Toronto Pearson International Airport (Terminal 1 only)

    • Vancouver International Airport

    • Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport

Note: If a passenger does not meet all the requirements, they are not eligible for the CTP and need to apply for a transit visa.